2. John and Mary Shakespeare
3. April 26, 1564 in Holy Trinity Church (Although Shakespeare's birth date is unknown, babies at this time were usually baptized relatively close to their birth date.)
4. Made gloves and other goods from leather.
5. Anne Hathaway (no, not the current actress by that name!)
6. Three - Susanna and twins - Hamnet (a son who died young) and Judith
7. Between 1585 - 1592 - not much is known about these "lost" years but we do know that Shakespeare's name started appearing in critiques in 1592.
8. Lord Chamberlain's Men, later known as The King's Men when James I sponsored his troupe.
9. Henry VI, Part 1
10. 38 plays, 154 sonnets and several other poems
11. Un Capitano Moro or The Moorish Captain by Cinthio in 1563
12. Over 2,000 words are attributed to Shakespeare. (2nd part - - unknown)
13. April 23, 1616 - - he was about 52 (birth date unknown)
14. 1599 from timbers of the Theater
15. Southwark, London
16. 1613, which started from the spark from a canon fired during a performance
17. There were three covered levels, where patrons could view the play. Poorer people could view from the ground around the stage (standing room only) and were called groundlings. Groundlings paid a lower admission price than those who were seated.
18. up to 3,000 people
19. The Chamberlain's Men - - I am unclear as to whether or not the theater would have been rented out to other troupes.
20. Boys played the roles of women due to their higher voices and lack of facial hair.
21. A comedy is a play that has a happy ending, which may also include some comical elements. A tragedy is a play where the main character or characters die due to some inherent flaw in their character.
22. Some people believe that Shakespeare wasn't intelligent or educated enough to have written the plays accredited to him. Some people believe that possibly Francis Bacon, a philosopher of the time, may have written the plays.
23. Approximately 200,000 people lived in London
24. Not sure
25. The black plague was a disease that was transmitted through fleas that were carried by rats. Approximately 100,000 people died from the disease in London, which was approximately half of the population. In London, the theaters were closed and the performing companies left London to tour the countryside.
26. The four humors are blood, black bile, yellow bile (also called phlegm), and choler. They were thought to balance the temperament. If a person was melancholic, he had too much black bile.
27. Elizabeth I and then, James I
28. He wanted to divorce his wife, Catherine of Aragon because she didn't give him a male heir.
30. Queen Elizabeth didn't marry because she did not want to share power.
31. First cousin, once removed, Mary Queen of Scots was executed because she was found guilt of treason against the Queen.
32. Richard III, Henry IV, V, VI, and VII, King John
33. "Might makes right" - - whoever was the strongest held power
34. The earth is the center of the universe.
35. Alchemy was the attempt to change base medals into gold, also included the search for the "exilir of life" and sought ultimate wisdom. It benefit modern chemistry with the knowledge and identification of several substances and had some cures.
36. Moors were African Muslims who came from the Northern part of the continent. They were in Europe due to the conquest of the Ottoman Empire over much of Europe. Spain would expel the Muslims before Columbus
37. Cyprus is an island off of Greece that was conquered and became part of the Ottoman Empire. It is unique because though many converted to Islam to avoid the heavy taxes and burden of not converting, many others did not and so won self-rule under the Bishop and Archbishop.
38. Venice's importance as a trading center diminished because much of their trading partners became part of the Ottoman Empire.
39. Epilepsy is a disease where the brain fails to communicate properly and results in seizures. During Shakespeare's time, this was known as "falling sickness" and is mentioned three times in Julius Caesar and in Othello and King Lear.